Mechanical Tools: A look at Concrete Pumps
Dumping volumes of cement for footings and suspended slabs was always an issue for construction staff. It was during the 1920s when building contractors decided to try a more effective method of moving concrete to high spots or where space is limited. Fritz Hell, a German professional, and his team were constructing a war memorial when the mast holding the cement suddenly broke. Many designers began improving Hells design before the mechanical unit shot to popularity in 1940s. Construction personnel began applying concrete boom pumps to shift liquid concrete during construction of high architectural structures – this became particularly helpful right after The Second World War.
Primary Parts Of A Cement Pump
Valves: Concrete pumping equipment can function via hydraulically-powered valves or ball-checked valves. Gas valves are equipped for handling different cement mixtures and can pump up to 250 cubic yards of concrete every hour. Ball-checked valves, conversely, utilize balls and mating seats to manage cement transfer through the hopper to the cylinder and pipeline. These are ideal for pumping smaller amounts of cements by thinner pipelines.
Cylinders: One cylinder links to a hopper, while the other dispenses to the pipe.
Pumps: The first designs were mechanical and possess basic features. Contractors put cement into the hopper connected to the cylinders through a valve. The valve closes and a piston will press the cement towards the pipe. Gas pumps, on the other hand, were later released and improved the efficiency of moving liquid concrete.
Pipeline: The pipeline should be sturdy and long lasting. It must also be lightweight so builders may easily carry it throughout the site. The pipeline contains two parts: boom hose and discharge line. The boom line is made of steel alloy, while the discharge line is made of lighter and flexible material.
Two Types Of Concrete Pumps
Concrete pumps are offered in two types: boom truck and line pump. Boom trucks contains a pickup truck, body, and the pump itself. They are suitable for pouring cement into foundations and medium high-rise architectural structures. These differ from single-axle truck mounted pumps, ideal for confined areas. These utilize a remote-controlled automatic arm, called a boom, to transport cement efficiently. These are ideal for huge building plans since they are able to pump at large volumes.
A different type of concrete pumping equipment is line pumps. They are also known as truck-mounted pumps as builders attach these types of on pickups or trailers. These have steel or plastic hoses manually linked to the machines vent. These also utilize ball-checked valves. These pumps are great for smaller construction plans like pools, walk ways, and floor foundations as they pump at lower quantities when compared with boom trucks. Building contractors also use these for grout, wet screeds, mortar, foamed cement, and sludge.
Choosing The Best Tools Selecting the right cement pumping equipment is important. Laborers need an equipment that will fit the particular job and budget. These inquiries will help contractors settle on what pump for their building: – Can the pump handle the cement mix?- What kind of device does the gear carries? – How far and how quick can it pump concrete?- Will normal vans be able to tow the pump?